Monday, March 26, 2012
Wednesday, March 14, 2012
Roy Lichtenstein was born on October 27, 1923 and lived until September 29, 1997. He was an American pop artist and walked alongside Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns leading the new artistic movement. Pop art came about in the 1950's, incorporating aspects of mass culture and advertisements. His works were mostly inspired by comic books, where he painted renditions of the comic strips on canvas.
Friday, March 2, 2012
|Georges Seurat, The Circus, 1890-91|
|Georges Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1884-86|
|Georges Seurat, Rehearsal (Woman Reading), 1880 and Ballerina with White Hat (Dancer), 1880|
|Georges Seurat, Sketchbook III, 1880|
|Georges Seurat, The Laborer, 1882|
|Georges Seurat, Antique Statue, Satyr with Goat, 1877|
Although his early work was well-received in the Parisian salons of the time, Degas soon turned against the rigid structure France's art scene and joined the Impressionists. This is when he became more experimental in his artwork, exploring a number of different subjects, and eventually using "virtually every medium known in his lifetime"(Brettell 7), including pencil, charcoal, oil paint, pastel and bronze (DeVonyar). Degas himself never liked the word impressionist, he preferred to be called a realist, however he is often considered one of the most important painters in the founding of impressionist art. As he grew older, Degas began to gradually lose his eyesight, fearing that he might become totally blind by the mid-1880s (DeVonyar). As his eyesight grew worse, his work become more and more expressive and less realistic, pushing him farther and farther away from fame during his lifetime. Like many artists though, he was recognized and held in high regard after his death and is still admired by so many today.
Degas was absolutely fascinated by dancers. He spent a lot of time at the dance studio, watching class or observing rehearsals, sketching the whole time (Thomson). What makes his work unique is that he does not show dancers posing on stage, in full costume and makeup, but rather he shows them resting, stretching, adjusting, or sometimes just thinking in class or rehearsal. Placing his dancers in a relaxed setting, either in the studio or backstage rather than on the stage itself, makes his subjects more relatable and realistic than their magical stage personas of fairies, princesses, or nymphs. He presents the dancers as people rather than as characters.
Thursday, March 1, 2012
Drawing Tin Can Battle, San Juan Hill, New York, 1907, Crayon, ink with charcoal, 21'x24 1/2"
Bellows drawings were not only studies but complete works in themselves. Bellows' strong sense of compositional structure, rythym and drama propelled his work.
|The Murder of Edith Carvell, 1918, lithograph, 20 3/8"x 25 7/8"|
Bellows was interested in dramatic subject matter, sometimes of a political nature. Edith Carvell was a German nurse who helped English, French and Belgian soldiers escape during the German occupation of Belgium. She was discovered, accused of treason, and was executed before a firing squad.
The White Horse, 1922, Oil on Canvas
Considered Bellows' best landscape by Peyton Boswell (see bibliography) because it showcases Bellows' "...aesthetic gifts- in draftsmanship, in color and in emotional content."
|Stag At Sharkeys, 1909, Oil on Canvas, 36 1/4"x48 1/4"|
One of Bellows famous prize fighting scenes, his most widely recognized work.
Boswell, Peyton. George Bellows. New York, NY: Crown Publishers, 1942. Print.
Haverstock, Mary. George Bellows: An Artist in Action. London: Merrell Publishers Limited, 2007. Print.
Water Lily Pond, Claude Monet
The bushes, trees, and lilies are not perfectly defined, but it is clear that these are bushes and lilies regardless of their more abstract look. I then began to look into more of Monet’s work and like what I saw. I even did a bit of background information to see what led him to begin to look into landscape work.
Oscar-Claude Monet (1840-1926) is a famous French painter and one of the founders of the Impressionism movement. Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840 in the ninth arrondissement of Paris. He was the second son of his parents Claude Adolphe Monet and Louise-Justine Aubree. Monet entered the Le Havre secondary school of the arts and became known locally for his charcoal caricatures. He also undertook his first drawing lessons from Jacques-Francois Ochard, a former student of Jacques-Louis David. In late 1856, early 1957, Monet meet fellow artist Eugéne Boudin who became his mentor and taught him to use oil paints. Below are some of Monet’s earlier works in his caricature drawings, from which Boudin saw potential in.
1854 (graphite on paper)
1860 (charcoal and chalk on paper)
These caricatures are amazing. He uses different mediums and different ideas. The last one with a head on what seems to be on a bee attracts me because it relates to what we just did in class today. We tried to incorporate placing objects on other objects combining both real landscapes (or for the sake of class still life objects) and objects from photographs. I am also attracted to his shading technique. I still find it quite difficult to properly shade and add color and depth to places, but Monet seems to do this quite well in his charcoal caricatures as a growing artist.
Monet rejected the traditional approach to landscape painting and instead of copying old masters he had been learning from his friends and the nature itself. Monet observed variations of color and light caused by the daily or seasonal changes. I like that he tries to learn from observation and experience, which can be seen through his travels and the inspiration for his impressionalism work.
From 1871 to 1878 Monet lived at Argenteuil, a village near Paris, where he painted some of the most famous works of the Impressionist movement. In 1878 he moved to Vétheuil and in 1883 he settled at Giverny. From 1890 he concentrated on series of pictures in which he painted the same subject at different times of the day in different lights such as Haystacks or Grainstacks (1890-91) and Rouen Cathedral (1891-95). He continued to travel widely, but his attention was focused on the celebrated water-garden he created at Giverny, which served as the theme for the series of paintings on Water-lilies that began in 1899 and grew to dominate his work completely.
From Haystacks series. Oil on Canvas (1890-1891)
His landscape and Impressionism paintings are beautiful and take into account the foreground, background, and mid-ground. I love the richness and color yet creativity and lack of complete structure, which is something that I need to develop and work on.
"Claude Oscar Monet - The Complete Works." Claude Oscar Monet. Web. 01 Mar. 2012.
"POUL WEBB ART BLOG." : Claude Monet. Web. 01 Mar. 2012.
|Two Fighting Hummingbirds with Two Orchids, 1875|
|Sunset Marsh (Sinking Sun), 1868|
|View from Fern-Tree Walk, Jamaica, 1887|
He used his all-over, drip painting technique to make massive oil paintings such as Lavender Mist: Number 1, 1950, placing the canvas on the ground and working around it. He worked in layers upon layers upon layers, using the brush and can to spread the paint as you can see in this picture, and he made this masterpiece utilizing his unconscious, so the image here is almost like his dreams being unleashed in the visual world.
Vol. 45. College Art Association, 1985. 299-302. The Visionary Impulse: An
American Tendency. JSTOR. Web. 1 March 2012. <http://jstor.org/stable/
Fracisco de Goya was born on March 30, 1746, in Fuendetodos, Spain. After studying painting in Madrid and Rome, he worked for the King. During his lifetime Goya’s views of the world and general sentiments changed and were reflected in his art. After Napoleon’s invasion of Spain, he maintained his seat. He made a series of etchings, , which recorded the invasion in detail. In his youth, Goya was very accepting of his life and enjoyed it. However, as h
e grew older, Goya began to severely criticize his life and he became disillusioned and embittered with society and mankind. The death of his wife Josefa in1812 and the Peninsula War from 1808-1814 led Goya to a darker world where he abhorred everything and everyone surrounding him.
During the Peninsula War, Goya made The Disasters of War, which were a variety of prints created between 1810-1820. These plates were a form of visual protest against the violence demonstrated in the war. The etching Here Neither illustrates the many massacres, violence, profanities, and crimes committed by both the French and Spanish armies during the Napoleonic occupation. The etching depicts how innocent civilians were brutally hung by the Frenchdue to the unjust war and occupation.
This etching of Saturn Devouring His Own Son (1821-23) was one of the most powerful images in The Disasters of War. The image served as an allegory of Spain destroying her own people in the Peninsula War instead of providing love and protection for them.
Goya questioned the excesses of his imagination in Capricho No. 43, a self-portrait. In the portrait his head lies against a solid base, which serves as a metaphor for order within the world, while he is in the middle of a nightmare. He entitled the portrait "The sleep of reason produces monsters,” and described it as a depiction of how “imagination abandoned by reason generates monstrosity; together they form the mother of the arts and the origin of marvels.” This clearly illustrates Goya’s descent into Romanticism from where art does not redeem the hardships of life but rather illustrate and portray them.
I specifically chose Francisco de Goya as my artist because I became entranced with his etchings and paintings from The Disasters of War. The pain and horror depicted in them really intrigued me. I love the darkness and revolutionary matters that overwhelm the disturbing images that he created. I also particularly liked his style of etchings on plates and the shadows presented in them which allow for a darker setting for his images.
"Goya." Image One, Inc. Web. 01 Mar. 2012.
Hughes, Robert. Goya. New York, Alfred A. Knopf: 2003. Print.
Hull, Anthony. Goya: Man Among Kings. London, Hamilton Press: 1987. Print.